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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Armenian BSUT

Language: Armenian (code: hy)
Family: Indo-European, Armenian

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.9 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Marat M. Yavrumyan.

Repository: UD_Armenian-BSUT
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: blog, fiction, government, legal, news, nonfiction, web, wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Armenian-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [marat • yavrumyan (æt) plus • ac • at]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


A Universal Dependencies treebank for Eastern Armenian developed for UD originally by the ArmTDP team led by Marat M. Yavrumyan at the V. Brusov State University in Yerevan.

The UD_Armenian-BSUT treebank is based on the Eastern Armenian section of the Հայերենի ծառադարան dataset (ArmTDP v2.0), a broad-coverage corpus of general Modern Standard Armenian covering numerous genres.

The annotation scheme was developed in accordance with the UD guidelines. The original data was manually annotated by the ArmTDP team. The tokenization and POS-tagging process was carried out through alternating steps of glossary-based automatic scripting and manual revision.


This treebank is developed in the frame of the program “HayLingvoTech” excellency center implemented by the V. Brusov State University with the funding of the Competitive Innovation Fund of Armenia.

The treebank created by: Marat M. Yavrumyan, Rima R. Grigoryan, Anna S. Danielyan, Setrag H. M. Hovsepian.


Yavrumyan M. M., Danielyan A. S., “Universal Dependencies and the Armenian Treebank.” Herald of the Social Sciences (2).231-244, 2020. (in Armenian)


UD_Armenian-BSUT data conforms to CoNLL-U format with the following specifics:

Statistics of UD Armenian BSUT

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview