`NumType`

: numeral type

Values: |
Card | Dist | Frac | Mult | Ord | Range | Sets |

Some languages (especially Slavic) have a complex system of
numerals. For example, in the school grammar of Czech,
the main part of speech is “numeral”, it includes almost everything
where counting is involved and there are various subtypes. It also
includes interrogative, relative, indefinite and demonstrative words
referring to numbers (words like *kolik / how many, tolik / so many,
několik / some, a few),* so at the same time we may have a non-empty
value of PronType. (In English, these words are called
quantifiers and they are considered a subgroup of
determiners.)

From the syntactic point of view, some numtypes behave like adjectives
and some behave like adverbs. We tag them u-pos/ADJ and
u-pos/ADV respectively. Thus the `NumType`

feature applies to
several different parts of speech:

- u-pos/NUM: cardinal numerals
- u-pos/DET: quantifiers
- u-pos/ADJ: definite adjectival, e.g. ordinal numerals
- u-pos/ADV: adverbial (e.g. ordinal and multiplicative) numerals, both definite and pronominal

`Card`

: cardinal number or corresponding interrogative / relative / indefinite / demonstrative word

Note that in some Indo-European languages there is a fuzzy borderline
between numerals and nouns for *thousand, million* and *billion.*

#### Examples

- [en]
*one, two, three* - [cs]
*jeden, dva, tři*“one, two, three”;*kolik*“how many”;*několik*“some”;*tolik*“so many”;*mnoho*“many”;*málo*“few” - [cs]
(specific forms of four, five, ten; they are morphologically, syntactically and stylistically distinct from the default forms**čtvero, patero, desatero***čtyři, pět, deset*; in Czech grammar they are classified as “generic numerals”, which also encompasses some other rare types; nevertheless,`Card`

is the closest match for them among the universal types.

`Ord`

: ordinal number or corresponding interrogative / relative / indefinite / demonstrative word

This is a subtype of adjective or (in some languages) of adverb.

#### Examples

- [en]
*first, second, third;* - [cs] adjectival:
*první*“first”;*druhý*“second”,*třetí*“third”;*kolikátý*lit.*how manieth*“which rank”;*několikátý*“some rank”;*tolikátý*“this/that rank” - [cs] adverbial:
*poprvé*“for the first time”;*podruhé*“for the second time”;*potřetí*“for the third time”;*pokolikáté*“for which time”,*poněkolikáté*“for x-th time”,*potolikáté*

`Mult`

: multiplicative numeral or corresponding interrogative / relative / indefinite / demonstrative word

This is subtype of adjective or adverb.

#### Examples

- [sl]
*dvojen*“double, twofold”;*trojen*“triple, threefold”;*četveren*“fourfold” - [cs]
*dvojí*“twofold”;*trojí*“threefold” (multiplicative adjectives) - [cs]
*jednou*“once”;*dvakrát*“twice”;*třikrát*“three times”;*kolikrát*“how many times”,*několikrát*“several times”;*tolikrát*“so many times” (multiplicative adverbs)

`Frac`

: fraction

This is a subtype of cardinal numbers, occasionally distinguished in corpora. It may denote a fraction or just the denominator of the fraction. In various languages these words may behave morphologically and syntactically as nouns or ordinal numerals.

#### Examples

- [en]
*three-quarters* - [cs]
*půl / polovina*“half”;*třetina*“one third”;*čtvrt / čtvrtina*“quarter”

`Sets`

: number of sets of things; collective numeral

Morphologically distinct class of numerals used to count sets of things, or nouns that are pluralia tantum. Some authors call this type collective numeral.

#### Examples

- [cs]
“**dvoje**/**troje**boty**two**/**three**[pairs of] shoes”; as opposed to normal cardinal numbers:*dvě / tři boty*“two / three shoes”

`Dist`

: distributive numeral

Used to express that the same quantity is distributed to each member in a set of targets.

#### Examples

- [hu]
*három-három in gyermekenként*“three thousand forint per child”**három-három**ezer forinttal

`Range`

: range of values

This could be considered a subtype of cardinal numbers, occasionally distinguished in corpora.

#### Examples

- [en]
*two-five*“two to five” (provided tokenization leaves it as one token.)

NumType in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [en] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hu] [hy] [it] [kk] [koi] [kpv] [mdf] [myv] [pcm] [sl] [sme] [tr] [u] [uk] [urj]