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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Kyrgyz TueCL

Language: Kyrgyz (code: ky)
Family: Turkic, Northwestern

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.14 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Bermet Chontaeva, Çağrı Çöltekin.

Repository: UD_Kyrgyz-TueCL
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: grammar-examples

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Kyrgyz-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [bermet • chontaeva (æt) student • uni-tuebingen • de, cagri • coeltekin (æt) uni-tuebingen • de]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


This is a small treebank of grammatical examples for Kyrgyz.

Kyrgyz-TueCL contains totaly 145 sentences including 20 Cairo sentences, and ~ 100 sentences suggested by UD Turkic Group. This treebank is a part of UD Turkic Treebank. Translation of all sentences are available in English, Turkish and Azerbaijani languages.


We are deeply thankful to the UD Turkic Group and Kyrgyz team: Johnathon Washington, Aida Kasieva, Gulnura Dzumalieva, Aigul Tursunova, Meerim Ryspakova, Aizat Kadyrbekova for their weekly informative meetings and discussions and for all the support we have received.


Statistics of UD Kyrgyz TueCL

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview