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This page pertains to UD version 2.

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

Even though the name of the feature seems to suggest that it is used exclusively with verbs, it is not the case. Some verb forms in some languages actually form a gray zone between verbs and other parts of speech (nouns, adjectives and adverbs). For instance, participles may be either classified as verbs or as adjectives, depending on language and context. In both cases VerbForm=Part may be used to separate them from other verb forms or other types of adjectives.

Bulgarian does not have an infinitive. It distinguishes: finite verbs and non-finite verbs (participles and transgressives).

Fin: finite verb

Rule of thumb: if it has non-empty Mood, it is finite. This features is encoded in the following values as second position in verbal tags: Vp# (personal verb); Vn# (impersonal verb); Vx#, Vy# and Vi# (auxiliary verbs).

Examples

Part: participle

Participle is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and adjectives. The participle in Bulgarian is encoded as c in fifth position of the tag: V#c#.

In Bulgarian there are four types of participles: present active, past perfective active, past imperfective active, past passive. The present active one can be used only adjectively; the past imperfective one can be used only in evidential verb forms; the other have the two usages. The present active can be derived only from imperfective verbs.

Examples

Conv: converb

The converb, also called adverbial participle, is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and adverbs. It appears e.g. in Slavic and Indo-Aryan languages.

In Bulgarian it can be derived only from imperfective verbs.

Examples

Note that the symbol `#’, used in the Universal POS section indicates a holder for arbitrary number of features, suppressed in the respective tag as irrelevant in the BulTreeBank tagset, when mapped to the Universal one.


VerbForm in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cs] [en] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hu] [hy] [it] [kpv] [myv] [pcm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [u] [uk] [urj]