home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

Values: Fin Inf Part Post Prov Ser Vnoun

Even though the name of the feature seems to suggest that it is used exclusively with verbs, it is not the case. Some verb forms in some languages actually form a gray zone between verbs and other parts of speech (nouns, adjectives and adverbs). For instance, participles may be either classified as verbs or as adjectives, depending on language and context. In both cases VerbForm=Part may be used to separate them from other verb forms or other types of adjectives.

Fin: finite verb

Rule of thumb: if it has non-empty Mood, it is finite. But beware that some tagsets conflate verb forms and moods into one feature.

Examples

Inf: infinitive

Infinitive is the citation form of verbs in many languages. Unlike in English, it often has morphological form that is distinct from the finite forms. Infinitives may be used together with auxiliaries to form periphrastic tenses (e.g. future tense [cs] budu sedět v letadle “I will sit in a plane”), they appear as arguments of modal verbs etc. In some languages they behave similarly to nouns and are used as such (similar to the gerund in English).

Examples

Part: participle, verbal adjective

Participle is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and adjectives. Its usage varies across languages. It may be used to form various periphrastic verb forms such as complex tenses and passives; it may be also used purely adjectively.

Other features may help to distinguish past/present participles (English), active/passive participles (Czech), imperfect/perfect participles (Hindi) etc.

Examples

Vnoun: verbal noun, masdar

Verbal nouns other than infinitives. Also called masdars by some authors, e.g. Haspelmath, 1995.

Examples

Ser: second verb in a serial verb construction

Second verbs in serial verb constructions have a special form.

Examples

Post: postposed verb

Another special form that is used in serial verb constructions.

Examples

Prov: proverb

Examples


VerbForm in other languages: [akk] [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cu] [cy] [en] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gub] [gun] [hu] [hy] [it] [kpv] [la] [orv] [pcm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urj]