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This page pertains to UD version 2.

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

In Irish, verb form is a feature of words which have the appearance of a verb, although they function as other parts of speech. This feature appears most commonly as an infinitive construction, which functions as a noun. This feature also appears as a copula, a particle or a verbal noun.

Inf: infinitive

The infinitive verb form is the same as the verbal noun. The infinitive is always preceded by the infinitive particle a. This particle causes lenition in the verb, where possible (see Form).


Introduced by particle
Introduced by preposition

Cop: copula

The copula verb form usually functions as a copula verb, though it can also be used as a mark, to introduce a complement clause, or as the root of the sentence. The order of elements in a copula construction is in general: copula, predicate (new or focussed information), and subject.


In the Irish treebank, the copula verb usually appears in its present tense form is, but has many other forms. It can combine wih other subordinate conjuctions or negative particles to form contractions, such as gur, ba, , etc. Also, the form of the verb changes with respect to tense, mood and context (see Form).

Part: participle

The participle verb form indicates a verbal adjective. It can be used to modify the head noun, or to introduce an adjectival predicate complement. (see xcomp:pred) The participle is usually inflected by adding the suffix -te (-the) or -ta (-tha) to the lemma.


Adjectival modifier

Vnoun: verbal noun

Verbal nouns are similar to an infinitive verb in English, however they function as a noun rather than a verb. They may be used to introduce a clausal complement, (see xcomp), as a conjunct, or as a root of the sentence. The noun is preceded by the preposition ag which loosely translates to “in the process of” in this context. The object of the verbal noun is in the genitive case (see Case).


VerbForm in other languages: [ab] [abq] [akk] [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cu] [cy] [el] [eme] [en] [es] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gub] [gun] [hbo] [hu] [hy] [it] [ka] [kpv] [ky] [la] [mdf] [myv] [orv] [pcm] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urj]