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This page pertains to UD version 2.

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

Values: Conv Fin Part Vnoun

The feature VerbForm can be used for verbal or deverbal elements in matrix and embedded clauses. As of now, Turkish treebanks make use of Conv, Fin, Part, and Vnoun.

Conv: converb

The converb, also called transgressive or adverbial participle, is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and adverbs.

Examples

Fin: finite verb

Verbs that are marked for mood (Mood), tense (Tense) or person (Person) are finite and are assigned the VerbForm value Fin. Either embedded or matrix verbs can be finite. Rule of thumb: If the verb and all of its dependents can be uttered alone without a conversational context, the verb should be finite.

Examples

Part: participle

Participle is a non-finite verb form which functions like an adjective. The participles are introduced using a number of subordinating suffixes.

If the head of the relative clause is omitted (so-called “headless relative clauses”), we treat the word like a verbal noun.

Examples

Vnoun: verbal noun

Verbal nouns are derived from verbs. Such words in Turkish take the following suffixes: -mA, -(y)Iş, -DIK, -(y)AcAK, -mAK. Note that the forms with -mAK are often called the infinitive (Göksel and Kerslake, p. 412) and used as the citation form of the verb. Nevertheless, we annotate them as VerbForm=Vnoun, not Inf.

Examples

References


VerbForm in other languages: [akk] [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cu] [cy] [en] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gub] [gun] [hu] [hy] [it] [kpv] [la] [orv] [pcm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urj]