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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Case: case

Values: Abe Abl Acc Apr AprEgr AprEla AprIll AprIne AprPrl AprTer AprTra Cns Com Cmp Dat Egr Ela Gen Ill Ine Ins Nom Prl Ter Tra

Case is an inflectional feature for nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals in Komi-Zyrian.
Komi-Zyrian has 25 inflectional cases.

Acc: accusative

In Komi-Permyak the specifically marked accusatives mark direct objects of verbs. This tends to be the marking of direct objects high in the hierarchies of identifiability and animacy.

Examples

Abl: ablative

The ablative case expresses possessor of object.

Examples

Apr: approximative

The approximative case expresses general direction toward a place.

Examples

AprEgr: approximative egressive

The approximative egressive case expresses from the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprEla: approximative elative

The approximative elative case expresses departure from the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprIll: approximative illative

The approximative illative case expresses approach to the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprIne: approximative inessive

The approximative inessive case expresses location in the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprPrl: approximative prolative

The approximative prolative case expresses passing by the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprTer: approximative terminative

The approximative terminative case expresses reaching as far as the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

AprTra: approximative transitive

The approximative transitive case expresses going through the general vicinity of a place.

Examples

Abe: caritive

The caritive case corresponds to the English preposition without.

Examples

Cmp: comparative

The comparative case corresponds to the English than as a marker of the standard of comparison.

Examples

Cns: consecultative

The consecultative case expresses acquisition, corresponding to the English preposition after.

Examples

Com: comitative / associative

The comitative (also called associative) case corresponds to English “together with …”

Examples

Dat: dative

The dative case expresses transfer to someone.

Examples

Egr: egressive

The egressive case expresses general locative source.

Examples

Ela: elative

The elative case expresses direction out of something.

Examples

Gen: genitive

Prototypical meaning of genitive is that the noun phrase somehow belongs to its governor; it would often be translated by the English preposition of. In Komi-Permyak the genitive can be used to mark the possessor of a non-direct object.

Examples

Ill: illative

The illative case expresses direction into something.

Examples

Ine: inessive

The inessive case expresses location inside of something.

Examples

Ins: instrumental

The instrumental case is affixed to the noun defining the entity used as an instrument to do something.

Examples

Nom: nominative / direct

The base form of the noun, typically used as citation form (lemma).

Examples

Prl: prolative

The transitive case may indicate a pathway through a three-dimensional or a two-dimensional space. In the central dialects it is often distinguished from the transitive.

Examples

Ter: terminative / terminal allative

The terminative case specifies where something ends in space or time. Similar case in Basque is called terminal allative (Spanish adlativo terminal).

Examples

Tra: transitive

The transitive case may indicate a point a path passes through in two-dimensional space. In the central dialects it is often distinguished from the prolative in nouns.

Examples


Case in other languages: [am] [apu] [arr] [bej] [bg] [cs] [eme] [en] [ess] [et] [fi] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [kmr] [koi] [kpv] [mdf] [myu] [myv] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urb] [urj]