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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Case: case

Values: Ref Loc Tra Dat All Abl

Ref: Referential (Argumentative)

The referential case is used for the referential marker (also called argumentative, nominal). It is represented by the suffix -a/-aʔe which appears between two noun elements forming a genitival structure, between a noun phrase and a postposition, between a proposition and a subordinate, and between a constituent and certain clitics.


Loc: Locative

The locative case indicates the location. In Tekó, it is expressed with morphemes -pope (marks the static location or arrival point), -kapɨrer (lit. ‘behind’, used when two objects are in movement), -pɨteb/-bɨteb (lit. ‘in the middle of’), -pori/-puri (lit. ‘near’, ‘beside’), -ʔar (lit. ‘on’), -wɨb/-wɨrakotɨ/-wɨrarupi (‘under’), -õãtʃã (lit. ‘in front of’)


Tra: Traslative

The traslative case indicates that the object undergoes a transformation or will be realized in the future. It is expressed with the suffix -am/-m.


Dat: Dative

The dative case indicates the indirect object of a verb. In Tekó, it is expressed with the suffix pe/-upe/-dʒupe.


All: Allative

The allative case indicates a movement onto, or to the adjacency of something. In Tekó, it is expressed with the suffix -kotɨ.


Abl: Ablative

The ablative case indicates a movement away from something, removal, separation, and the reference point of the comparison. It is marked with a suffix wi/-dʒuwi.



Prague Dependency Treebank

The PDT tagset does not distinguish Ptan from Plur and Coll from Sing, therefore this distinction is not being made in the converted data.

Case in other languages: [am] [apu] [arr] [bej] [bg] [cs] [el] [eme] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [fi] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [ka] [kmr] [koi] [kpv] [ky] [mdf] [myu] [myv] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tl] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urb] [urj]