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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Case: case

Case is an inflectional feature of nouns and other parts of speech (adjectives, verbs, articles) that mark agreement with nouns.

In Irish four cases are used: common (which covers nominative and accusative case), vocative, genitive and dative. These cases are labelled respectively as Nom (common), Voc, Gen, and Dat.

Nom: common case

The common case in Irish can apply to both the nominative case and acusative case (as they are the same form). This word form is used for subjects and objects of a clause, and predicates of a copula.

Examples

Subjects:
Objects:
Predicates:

Voc: vocative case

The vocative case is used to mark a noun as being the addresse. It is preceded by the particle a (see PartType). The vocative case triggers lenition.

Examples

Gen: genitive case

The genitive case indicates possesion or ownership. Its use is similar to the use of ’s in English. Other use cases include describing the composition of an object, compound nouns, objects of a compound preposition, and objects of a verbal noun (see VerbForm).

Examples

Dat: dative case

The dative case is used with most simple prepositions in Irish. In standard Irish, the dative form is identical to the common case.

Examples


Case in other languages: [am] [apu] [bej] [bg] [cs] [en] [ess] [et] [fi] [ga] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [kmr] [koi] [kpv] [mdf] [myv] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [u] [uk] [urb] [urj]