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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Case: case

Values: Nom Gen Dat Acc Voc

Case is an inflectional feature of nouns, proper nouns, adjectives, determiners, pronouns, numerals and verbs (participles).

Case helps specify the role of the noun phrase in the sentence. For example, in Modern Greek nominative is the case of nominal subjects and contrasts with the accusative case that typically marks objects. However, the accusative is also used to mark nouns/proper nouns used as adverbs such as day names.

Modern Greek morphology distinguishes four cases: Nom, Gen, Acc, Voc. Dative was used in older forms of the Greek language; in Modern Greek it occurs only in fixed expressions inherited from older Creek, e.g. γαία πυρί μιχθήτω ‘let earth be mixed with fire”.

Examples

Nom: nominative

The base form of the noun (normally in the singular number), also used as citation form (lemma). This is the word form typically used for nominal subjects of clauses.

Examples

Gen: genitive

Genitives prototypically mark possessors and arguments of deverbal nominals. In Modern Greek, it is the case of the indirect object (typically with verbs of giving and saying). A handful of verbs and adverbs require a direct object in the genitive case.

Examples

Dat: dative

Modern Greek does not mark the dative case morphologically; depending on the dialect, several of its functions, in particular that of the indirect object, have been taken up by the genitive case (Standard Modern Greek) or the accusative case (Northern dialects of Modern Greek). Morphological datives occur only in fixed expressions inherited from older versions of the Greek language.

Examples

Acc: accusative

Accusative typically marks direct objects of verbs and preposition objects. It also marks nouns used as adverbials.

Examples

Voc: vocative

Vocative is used to address someone or, less frequently, something.

Examples


Case in other languages: [am] [apu] [arr] [bej] [bg] [cs] [el] [eme] [en] [ess] [et] [fi] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [kmr] [koi] [kpv] [mdf] [myu] [myv] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tl] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urb] [urj]