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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PartType: PartType

Irish makes use of a broad range of particles. Many of these particles have the same form but perform different functions.

Ad: adverbial

This particle is used with an adverb to create an adverbial phrase. It’s most frequent form is go.


Comp: comparative

The comparative particle is used for introducing a comparative adjective (see Degree).


NOTE: Although ‘níos’ is tagged as a substantive noun in the standard rule-based POS tagger and in IDT, we mark it as a particle in order to ensure consistency with the superlative form in the same manner.

Cmpl: complementizer

These complementizers are used to introduce a clausal complement. See ccomp.


Cop: copular

The copular particle introduces a copular construction. There is only one instance of this particle in the treebank currently.


Deg: degree

The degree particle is used to give a superlative description.


Inf: infinitive

The particle a is used with a verb stem to form the infinitive in Irish. The verb form is lenited.


Num: numeral

The particle used for counting in Irish is a. Most forms stay the same, but those numbers beginning with a vowel such as aon (“one”), or ocht (“eight”) are prefixed by h-.


Pat: patronym

This particle is used in last names to mean “son of” or “daughter of”. The masculine forms are Ó and Mac, while the feminine forms include Ní, Nic, Uí and Mhic. Often the anglicised version will use “O” or “Mac” regardless of gender.


Sup: superlative

The superlative particle is used for introducing a superlative adjective (see Degree).


Vb: verbal

Verbal particles include the positive particles a, gur and the negative particle . These particles can be used for introducing relative or adverbial clauses, clefts, or for negating the verb.


Voc: vocative

The vocative particle is a, and is used to directly address someone. In this circumstance, it triggers lenition in the following noun. See Case


PartType in other languages: [af] [de] [ga] [gd] [gv] [ka] [pcm] [ro] [sga] [tl] [u] [uk] [yrl] [zh]