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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Latin LLCT

Language: Latin (code: la)
Family: Indo-European, Latin

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.6 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Timo Korkiakangas, Flavio Massimiliano Cecchini, Marco Passarotti.

Repository: UD_Latin-LLCT
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.6

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: nonfiction, legal

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Latin-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [flavio • cecchini (æt) unicatt • it, timo • t • korkiakangas (æt) gmail • com, marco • passarotti (æt) unicatt • it]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD, with some manual corrections of the conversion

Description

This Universal Dependencies version of the LLCT (Late Latin Charter Treebank) consists of an automated conversion of the LLCT2 treebank from the Latin Dependency Treebank (LDT) format into the Universal Dependencies standard.

The Universal Dependencies version of the LLCT (Late Latin Charter Treebank) results from an automated conversion of the LLCT2 treebank from the Latin Dependency Treebank (LDT) format into the Universal Dependencies standard. The LLCT2 is the second part of three LLCT treebanks, the first part (LLCT1) being available in LDT format (see Korkiakangas, in press) and the third part still under construction (as of 4/2020).

The LLCT2 contains 521 Early Medieval Latin original documents (charters) written in Tuscia (Tuscany), Italy, between AD 774 and 897. They all represent the legal (documentary) genre. Their language is a non-standard variety of Latin which differs from Classical as well as from Medieval Latin in terms of spelling, morphology, and syntax. For a general overview of the LLCT treebanks, see Korkiakangas (in press).

The original annotation follows mainly the Guidelines for the Syntactic Annotation of Latin Treebanks (v. 1.3) (Bamman et al., 2007). However, the non-standard features are annotated following an additional set of rules described in (Korkiakangas and Passarotti, 2011) and in (Cecchini et al., 2020).

Acknowledgments

The conversion of the LLCT2 into the Universal Dependencies was realized by Flavio Massimiliano Cecchini and Marco Passarotti within the LiLa project (Linking Latin, https://lila-erc.eu/). The original LLCT2 was annotated by Timo Korkiakangas under projects funded by the University of Oslo and the Academy of Finland.

Statistics of UD Latin LLCT

POS Tags

ADJADPADVAUXCCONJDETNOUNNUMPARTPRONPROPNPUNCTSCONJVERBX

Features

AspectCaseDegreeGenderMoodNumberNumber[psor]NumTypePersonPolarityPossPronTypeReflexTenseVerbFormVerbTypeVoice

Relations

aclacl:relcladvcladvcl:argadvmodadvmod:emphamodapposauxaux:passcaseccccompcompoundconjconj:explcopcsubjcsubj:passdetdislocated:acldislocated:advcldislocated:advmoddislocated:ccompdislocated:conjdislocated:csubjdislocated:nmoddislocated:nsubjdislocated:objdislocated:oblfixedflatiobjmarknmodnsubjnsubj:passnummodobjoblobl:argorphanorphan:missingparataxispunctreparandumrootvocativexcomp

Tokenization and Word Segmentation

Morphology

Tags

Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features

Syntax

Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview