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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Estonian EDT

Language: Estonian (code: et)
Family: Uralic, Finnic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v1.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Kadri Muischnek, Kaili Müürisep, Tiina Puolakainen, Andriela Rääbis, Liisi Torga.

Repository: UD_Estonian-EDT
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Genre: fiction, news, nonfiction, academic

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Estonian-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [kadri • muischnek (æt) ut • ee, kaili • muurisep (æt) ut • ee]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


UD Estonian is a converted version of the Estonian Dependency Treebank (EDT), originally annotated in the Constraint Grammar (CG) annotation scheme, and consisting of genres of fiction, newspaper texts and scientific texts. The treebank contains 30,972 trees, 437,769 tokens.

The Estonian UD EDT treebank is based on the Estonian Dependency Treebank (EDT), created at the University of Tartu. The treebank has been automatically converted and then manually reviewed and reannotated.

The treebank covers 3 different genres, namely newspaper texts, fiction and scientific texts:


We wish to thank all who have contributed to the original EDT annotation effort, especially Eleri Aedmaa, Riin Kirt and Dage Särg.

We also thank developers of udapi, ud annotatrix and , and ConlluEditor tools.

This work was financed by the National Programme for Estonian Language Technology and Estonian Ministery of Education and Research (grant 20-56 IUT20-56 “Computational models for Estonian”).

Statistics of UD Estonian EDT

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview