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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Hittite HitTB

Language: Hittite (code: hit)
Family: Indo-European, Anatolian

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.10 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Erik Andersen, Ben Rozonoyer.

Repository: UD_Hittite-HitTB
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: grammar-examples

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Hittite-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [erik • andersen411 (æt) gmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


UD_Hittite-HitTB is a small Universal Dependencies treebank for Hittite, containing original sentences from Hoffner and Melchert’s tutorial to A Grammar of the Hittite Language.

This Hittite treebank contains 136 sentences, 1309 words, and 970 (whitespace-separated) tokens. It contains a variety of sentences spanning each of the major periods in Hittite linguistic history: Old Hittite, Middle Hittite, and New Hittite. These are included in one treebank due to the existence of copies that span multiple different eras.


We would like to extend our gratitude to David Wright, Professor of Bible and Ancient Near East at Brandeis University, for offering his excellent course on Hittite in Spring 2020.


Statistics of UD Hittite HitTB

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Reflexive Passive

Relations Overview