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This page pertains to UD version 2.

nsubj: nominal subject

A nominal subject (nsubj) is a nominal which is the syntactic subject and the proto-agent of a clause. That is, it is in the position that passes typical grammatical test for subjecthood, and this argument is the more agentive, the do-er, or the proto-agent of the clause. (See csubj for when the subject is clausal. See nsubjpass and csubjpass for when the subject is not the proto-agent argument due to valence changing operations.) This nominal may be headed by a noun, or it may be a pronoun or relative pronoun, or in ellipsis contexts, other things such as an adjective.

Euler fez mais duas jogadas .
nsubj(fez, Euler)

«!- The nsubj role is only applied to semantic arguments of a predicate. When there is an empty argument in a grammatical subject position (sometimes called a pleonastic or expletive), it is labeled as expl. If there is then a displaced subject in the clause, as in the English existential there construction, it will be labeled as nsubj.) –>

The governor of the nsubj relation might not always be a verb: when the verb is a copular verb, the root of the clause is the complement of the copular verb, which can be an adjective or noun, including a noun marked by a preposition, as in the examples below.

o tom já é outro .
nsubj(outro, tom)

Note that when the subject appears after the verb, it is still tagged as nsubj.

É um povo apaixonado , o povo basco .
nsubj(povo-3, povo-7)

Note that complex subjects are treated as conjunctions and only the first element of the conjunction holds the nsubj relation.

O Grupo Champalimaud, a Petrogal, a TAP, a Marconi, são algumas das que mais investiram.
nsubj(algumas, Grupo)
conj(Grupo, Petrogal)
conj(Grupo, TAP)
conj(Grupo, Marconi)

nsubj in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kmr] [ky] [mr] [myv] [no] [pa] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ro] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [uz] [vi] [yue] [zh]