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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

nsubj: nominal subject

The nsubj marks nominal subjects of the non-copular clause. Being Basque a morphologically ergative language, subjects of transitive verbs are marked with the ergative case, while subjects of intransitive verbs are marked with the absolutive case.

Example of a subject in an intransitive sentence (ABS case):

Bi zati hauek markaturik dauden tokietatik tolesten dira .

These two parts fold by the sites that are marked .

Bi zati hauek markaturik dauden tokietatik tolesten dira .\n Two parts these marked are_that sites_the_by fold .

det(zati-2, Bi-1)
nsubj(tolesten-7, zati-2)
det(zati-2, hauek-3)
acl(tokietatik-6, markaturik-4)
cop(markaturik-4, dauden-5)
nmod(tolesten-7, tokietatik-6)
aux(tolesten-7, dira-8)
punct(tolesten-7, .-9)

Example of a subject in a transitive sentence (ERG case):

Eztabaida handia sortu du aldaketak .

The change has caused a huge discussion .

Eztabaida handia sortu du aldaketak .\n Discussion huge_a caused has change_the .  

amod(Eztabaida-1, handia-2)
dobj(sortu-3, Eztabaida-1)
aux(sortu-3, du-4)
nsubj(sortu-3, aldaketak-5)
punct(sortu-3, .-6)

Being Basque a free word order language, arguments of the verb can appear in different orders with respect to the verb.

Aldaketak eztabaida handia sortu du .

The change has caused a huge discussion .

Aldaketak eztabaida handia sortu du .\n Change_the discussion huge_a caused has .

nsubj(sortu-4, Aldaketak-1)
amod(eztabaida-2, handia-3)
dobj(sortu-4, eztabaida-2)
aux(sortu-4, du-5)
punct(sortu-4, .-6)

nsubj in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [kpv] [mr] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [yue] [zh]