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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Yoruba YTB

Language: Yoruba (code: yo)
Family: Niger-Congo, Defoid

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Adédayọ̀ Olúòkun, Daniel Zeman, Seyi Williams, Ọlájídé Ishola.

Repository: UD_Yoruba-YTB
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: bible, wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Yoruba-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [zeman (æt) ufal • mff • cuni • cz]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


Parts of the Yoruba Bible and of the Yoruba edition of Wikipedia, hand-annotated natively in Universal Dependencies.



Statistics of UD Yoruba YTB

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview