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This page pertains to UD version 2.

case: case marking

The case relation is used for any case-marking element which is treated as a separate syntactic word (including prepositions, postpositions, and clitic case markers). Case-marking elements are treated as dependents of the noun or clause they attach to.

In Turkish, case marking is typically done through suffixation, in which case the case-marked word will carry the appropriate Case feature. The case relation marks postpositions, and some of the case-like suffixes that are tokenized as separate syntactic tokens (inflectional groups).

Bu kitabı annem için aldım . \n I bought this book _for_ my mother
case(annem, için)
Öğleden sonra dersim var . \n I have a class _after_ noon (=in the afternoon)
case(Öğleden, sonra)
İkiye kadar bunu bitirmem gerek \n I need to finish this until\/by two
case(İkiye, kadar)
Siyah saç –lı kız \n The girl _with_ black hair
case(saç, –lı)
Arabada –ki kız \n The girl in the car
case(Arabada, –ki)

If the head is a clause, mark is used for cross-linguistic parallelism.

Annem gelinceye kadar bunu bitirmem gerek \n I need to finish this until my mother arrives
mark(gelinceye, kadar)

For postpositions derived from nouns with possessive suffixes, nmod:poss relation is used. In this case, the head is the derived postposition.

Ağaçların arasında kayboldular . \n They disappeared _between_ the trees
nmod:poss(arasında, Ağaçların)
tahminimizin üzerinde \n above our prediction
nmod:poss(üzerinde, tahminimizin)
iniş sırasında \n during landing
nmod:poss(sırasında, iniş)

case in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [ky] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ro] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]