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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Mood: mood

Values: Cnd Des Imp Ind Irr Nec Opt Prs

Mood expresses the modality, a speaker’s perspective, in finite verbs. Turkish verbs may carry a wide range of mood information. Different moods are indicated by a number of suffixes, which also interact with tense and aspect of the verb.

Ind: indicative

The indicative can be considered the default mood. A verb in indicative merely states that something happens, has happened or will happen, without adding any attitude of the speaker. In Tatar, this feature is contrastive with Mood=Irr and Mood=Nec in the future tense participles (VerbForm=Part); for this reason, this feature is only explicitly shown in the verbs in future tense participle forms.

Examples

Imp: imperative

In Tatar imperatives are expressed by lack of any tense/aspect/modality marker. The form of imperative may indicate second or third person plural/singular. Note that forms other than the second person singular may indicate a wish rather than a command, so may be marked as Opt (see below).

Examples

Prs: persuasive (new, not in UD)

Tatar has a particular form of imperative that is not a coercive order but a request.

Examples

Opt: optative

Optative suffix (-ый/-и) in Tatar typically combines with a first person suffix and expresses a suggestion.

Examples

Cnd: conditional

This expresses conditionality. It is the primary means of forming conditionals in Tatar (‘if …’). The suffix responsible for this mood is -са/сә.

Examples

Nec: necessitative

This expresses some sort of necessity (must/should/have to in English). In Tatar, this mood is only morphologically distinctive in a future tense participle form (VerbForm=Part), and is expressed by the verbal suffix -асы/әсе, -ыйсы/исе.

Examples

Irr: irrealis

The irrealis mood denotes an action that is not known to happen or have happened. In Tatar, this mood is morphologically distinctive in a future tense participle form expressed by the verbal suffix -ыр/ер (VerbForm=Part) and the suffix -тыр/-дыр which is attached to a predicate other than a verb to imply an uncertainty.

Examples


Mood in other languages: [akk] [arr] [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [eme] [en] [ess] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gd] [gn] [gub] [hbo] [hu] [hy] [it] [mdf] [myv] [pcm] [qpm] [qtd] [quc] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [ug] [uk] [urb] [urj]