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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Mood: mood

Values: Cnd CndGen CndGenPot CndPot Des DesPot Gen GenNec GenNecPot GenPot GenPotPot Imp Ind Nec NecPot Opt Pot PotPot Prs

Mood expresses the modality, a speaker’s perspective, in finite verbs. Kyrgyz verbs may carry a wide range of mood information. Different moods are indicated by a number of suffixes, which also interact with tense and aspect of the verb.

Similar to the Voice feature, a Kyrgyz verb may have multiple Mood values expressed on a single verb. Currently we concatenate the individual mood values, but this is far from a good solution.

Ind: indicative

The indicative can be considered the default mood. A verb in indicative merely states that something happens, has happened or will happen, without adding any attitude of the speaker.


Imp: imperative

In Kyrgyz imperatives are expressed by lack of any tense/aspect/modality marker. The form of imperative may indicate second or third person plural/singular. Note that, forms other than second person singular may indicate a wish rather than a command, so may be marked as Opt (see below).


Pot: potential

The suffix -мак may indicate ability or possibility.


Cnd: conditional

This expresses conditionality. It is the primary means of forming conditionals in Kyrgyz (‘if, even’). The suffix responsible for this mood is *-саң, -са *.


Mood in other languages: [ab] [akk] [arr] [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [el] [eme] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gd] [gn] [gub] [hbo] [hu] [hy] [it] [jaa] [ka] [ky] [mdf] [myv] [pcm] [qpm] [qtd] [quc] [ru] [say] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [ug] [uk] [urb] [urj]