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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Mood: mood

Values: Cnd CndSub Des Imp Ind Nec Opt Prec Proh Sub

Mood is a feature that expresses modality and subclassifies finite verb forms.

Cnd: conditional

The conditional mood is used to express conditions, i.e. protasis, for actions of the main clause. This mood marker can be found in finite and non-finite forms alike, as well as followed by derivational suffixes.

Examples

CndSub: conditional-conjunctive

The conditional-conjunctive is attested in the subordinate clause, and, depending on the language variant, its constituents may alternate in order.

Examples

Des: desiderative

The desiderative mood is used to express desired or potential actions that are not fulfilled.

Examples

Imp: imperative

The speaker uses the imperative to order or ask the addressee to perform the action of the verb, the subject is limited to the second person.

Examples

Ind: indicative

The indicative can be considered the default mood. A verb in the indicative merely states that something happens, has happened or will happen, without adding any attitude of the speaker.

Examples

Nec: necessative

The necessative mood is equated with the use of the -Ома non-finite occuring in the predicate position.

Examples

Opt: optative

The optative is used for three persons in two numbers. It expresses a concessive attitude and at time resultative.

Examples

Prec: precutive

The precutive mood is used to express requests instead of commands.

Examples

Proh: prohibitive

The prohibitive mood is used to express prohibiting of an action vs the contrastive negation of an imperative.

Examples

Sub: conjunctive (subjunctive)

The conjunctive mood (also subjunctive) is attested in both the main clause and subordinate clauses. It is used to express actions that would have taken place under some circumstances but they actually did not / do not happen. The conjunctive is also used to express volition in both proclamations and questions

Examples


Mood in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cs] [en] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hu] [hy] [it] [kpv] [myv] [pcm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [u] [uk] [urj]