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This page pertains to UD version 2.

appos: appositional modifier

An appositional modifier of a noun is a nominal immediately following the first noun that serves to define or modify that noun. It includes parenthesized examples, as well as defining abbreviations in one of these structures.

Պապը ՝ հայոց արքան , թագավորել է 4-րդ դարում ։ \n Pap , Armenian king , ruled in the 4th century .
appos(Պապը, արքան)
appos(Pap, king)
amod(արքան, հայոց)
amod(king, Armenian)
Հայ ազգային կոնգրես ( ՀԱԿ ) \n Armenian National Congress ( ANC )
appos(կոնգրես, ՀԱԿ)
appos(Congress, ANC)

There is a slight deviation from the universal standard in case of more than one appositive nominal. Instead of attaching them all to the first noun, all the appositive modifiers are put together in coordination, then attached as appos to the modified noun. This is done regardless whether the appositives are joined by a coordinating conjunction or just a comma.

Միքայելը ՝ իմ եղբայրն ու Դավիթի զարմիկը , եկավ ։ \n Michael , my brother and David's cousin , arrived .
appos(Միքայելը, եղբայրն)
appos(Michael, brother)
conj(եղբայրն, զարմիկը)
conj(brother, cousin)
cc(զարմիկը, ու)
cc(cousin, and)

In the rare cases we mark the appositive nominal as modifying the prevoious one (chained apposition):

Միքայելը ՝ իմ եղբայրը ՝ Դավիթի զարմիկը , կգա վաղը ։ \n Michael , my brother , David's cousin , will-arrive tomorrow .
appos(Միքայելը, եղբայրը)
appos(Michael, brother)
appos(եղբայրը, զարմիկը)
appos(brother, cousin)

Note, that appos relation is used, if there is case and agreement concord between the first noun and appositive modifiers. If not, we’ll have nmod.

Իմ եղբայր Միքայելը եկավ ։ \n My brother.Indef Michael.Def arrived .
nmod(Միքայելը, եղբայր)
nmod(Michael.Def, brother.Indef)

appos is also used to link key-value pairs in addresses, signatures, etc. (see also the list label):

Պետրոս Պետրոսյան , հեռ . ՝ ( 010 ) 101-010 , էլ . փոստ ՝ petros@petros.am
flat(Պետրոս, Պետրոսյան)
list(Պետրոս, հեռ)
list(Պետրոս, փոստ)
amod(փոստ, էլ)
appos(հեռ, 010)
flat(010, 101-010)
appos(փոստ, petros@petros.am)

appos in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]