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This page pertains to UD version 2.

appos: appositional modifier

An appositional modifier of a noun is a nominal immediately following the first noun that serves to define or modify that noun. It includes parenthesized examples, as well as defining abbreviations in one of these structures.

Karel IV . , římský císař a český král , vládl ve 14 . století . \n Charles IV . , Roman Emperor and Czech king , ruled in 14 th century .
appos(Karel, císař)
appos(Charles, Emperor)
conj(císař, král)
conj(Emperor, king)
Občanská demokratická strana ( ODS ) \n Civic Democratic Party ( ODS )
appos(strana, ODS-5)
appos(Party, ODS-12)

There is a slight deviation from the universal standard in case of more than one appositive nominal. Instead of attaching them all to the first noun, all the appositive modifiers are put together in coordination, then attached as appos to the modified noun. This is done regardless whether the appositives are joined by a coordinating conjunction or just a comma.

Přijel Michal , můj bratr a Davidův bratranec . \n Came Michal , my brother and David's cousin .
appos(Michal-2, bratr)
appos(Michal-12, brother)
conj(bratr, bratranec)
conj(brother, cousin)
Michal , můj bratr , Davidův bratranec , přijede zítra . \n Michal , my brother , David's cousin , will-come tomorrow .
appos(Michal-1, bratr)
appos(Michal-13, brother)
conj(bratr, bratranec)
conj(brother, cousin)

appos is also used to link key-value pairs in addresses, signatures, etc. (see also the list label):

Jan Novák , tel . : 777-000-111 , e-mail : novak@ab.cz
flat(Jan, Novák)
list(Jan, tel)
list(Jan, e-mail)
appos(tel, 777-000-111)
appos(e-mail, novak@ab.cz)

appos in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ka] [kk] [no] [pt] [qpm] [ro] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [tt] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]