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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ccomp: clausal complement

The ccomp relation marks a clausal complement of a verb or adjective, that has its own internal subject. In Irish, clausal complements are usually introduced by complementizers go, nach, and gur.

Examples

Tá a fhios agam gur imigh mo mháthair. ‘I know that my mother left.’

Tá a fhios agam gur imigh mo mháthair \n Is the knowledge at-me that left my mother
ccomp(Tá, imigh)

Creidimidne, go bhforbraíonn na mic léinn a gcuid tuisceana ar shaol proifisiúnta na tionsclaíochta. ‘We believe that the students develop their understanding of professional life in industry.’

Creidimidne , go bhforbraíonn na mic léinn a gcuid tuisceana ar shaol proifisiúna na tionsclaíochta \n  Believe-we , that develop the students  their own understanding on life professional the industry
ccomp(Creidimidne, bhforbraíonn)

D’admhaigh Piaras Ó Dochartaigh go raibh an páirtí rólag. ‘Piaras Ó Dochartaigh admitted that the party was too weak.’

D'admhaigh Piaras Ó Dochartaigh go raibh an páirtí rólag. \n Admitted Piaras Ó Dochartaigh that was the party too-weak. 
ccomp(D'admhaigh, raibh)

Note that interrogative pronouns that occur mid-sentence are also labelled ccomp. In the following examples, the verb heads the ccomp with the interrogative pronoun being treated as a fronted object, subject or oblique.

Níl a fhios agam cad chuige a mbíonn an saol ag magadh air. `I don’t know why everyone makes fun of him.

ROOT Níl a fhios agam cad chuige a mbíonn an saol ag magadh air . \n ROOT Is_not its knowledge at_me what towards that does_be the life at the_mocking on_him . 
root(ROOT, Níl)
obl(mbíonn, cad)
obl:prep(cad, chuige)
mark:prt(mbíonn, a)
ccomp(Níl, mbíonn)

Ní deacair a mheas cad ar bhur n-iníon. `It’s not hard to guess what’s wrong with your daughter.

ROOT Ní deacair a mheas cad tá ar bhur n-iníon . \n Is_not difficult to think what is on your daughter . 
cop(deacair, Ní)
root(ROOT, deacair)
csubj:cop(deacair, mheas)
nsubj(tá, cad)
mark:prt(mheas, a)
ccomp(deacair, tá)

However, the question word may also be the head of the ccomp, usually in the case where it is followed by a relativised noun phrase.

Tá MRBI ag déanamh suirbhé ar son Raidió na Gaeltachta chun a fháil amach cad é an lucht éisteachta atá anois ag an stáisiún. `MRBI is carrying out a survey on behalf of Raidió na Gaeltachta to find out what audience the station now has.

ROOT Tá MRBI ag déanamh suirbhé ar son Raidió na Gaeltachta chun a fháil amach cad é an lucht éisteachta atá anois ag an stáisiún. \n Is MRBI at_the doing of_survey on behalf of_Raidió na Gaeltachta in_order to find out what is the crod of_listening that_is now at the station. 
root(ROOT, Tá)
ccomp(Tá, cad)
nmod(lucht, é)
nsubj(cad, lucht)
acl:relcl(lucht, atá)

It can also occur where the head of the ccomp is simultaneously the head of a copular clause.

Ní gá aon fhaitíos, cuma cén chré ná cultúr. `There’s no need to be afraid, regardless of creed or culture.

ROOT Ní gá aon fhaitíos , cuma cén chré ná cultúr. \n ROOT NEG need any fear , regardless which creed or culture. 
cop(gá, Ní)
root(ROOT, gá)
nsubj(gá, fhaitíos)
parataxis(gá, cuma)
ccomp(cuma, cén)
nsubj(cén, chré)

ccomp in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]