home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

ccomp: clausal complement

A clausal complement of a verb or adjective is a dependent clause which is a core argument. That is, it functions like an object of the verb, or adjective.

Říká , že ráda plaveš . \n He-says , that like-to you-swim .
ccomp(Říká, plaveš)
ccomp(He-says, you-swim)

Such clausal complements may be finite or nonfinite. However, if the subject of the clausal complement is controlled (that is, must be the same as the higher subject or object, with no other possible interpretation) the appropriate relation is xcomp.

Šéf nám nařídil vykopat příkop . \n Boss us ordered to-dig ditch .
ccomp(nařídil, vykopat)
ccomp(ordered, to-dig)
Začali jsme kopat příkop . \n Started we-have to-dig ditch .
xcomp(Začali, kopat)
xcomp(Started, to-dig)

The key difference here is that, while it is possible to interpret the first sentence to mean that the boss will not be doing any digging, in the second sentence it is clear that the subject of digging can only be we. This is what distinguishes ccomp and xcomp.

ccomp in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pa] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]