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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ccomp: clausal complement

A clausal complement of a verb or adjective is a dependent clause which is a core argument. That is, it functions like an object of the verb, or adjective.

Նա ասաց , որ դու աշխատում ես այստեղ ։ \n He said , that you are working here .
ccomp(ասաց, աշխատում)
ccomp(said, working)
mark(աշխատում, որ)
mark(working, that)

Such clausal complements may be finite or nonfinite. However, if the subject of the clausal complement is controlled (that is, must be the same as the higher subject or object, with no other possible interpretation) the appropriate relation is xcomp.

Ղեկավարը հրամայեց փորել ։ \n The-boss ordered to-dig .
ccomp(հրամայեց, փորել)
ccomp(ordered, to-dig)
Ղեկավարը հրամայեց մեզ փորել ։ \n The-boss ordered us to-dig .
xcomp(հրամայեց, փորել)
xcomp(ordered, to-dig)
iobj(հրամայեց, մեզ)
iobj(ordered, us)
Մենք սկսեցինք փորել ։ \n We started to-dig .
xcomp(սկսեցինք, փորել)
xcomp(started, to-dig)

The key difference here is that, while it is possible to interpret the first sentence to mean that the boss will not be doing any digging, in the second sentence it is clear that the subject of digging can only be we. This is what distinguishes ccomp and xcomp.

Note: Complement clauses with pronouns like բանն այն է, որ “fact is that” we analyze as acl. Hence, ccomp does not appear in nominals. This makes sense, since nominals normally do not take core arguments.


ccomp in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pa] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]