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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Tagalog TRG

Language: Tagalog (code: tl)
Family: Austronesian, Central Philippine

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Stephanie Samson, Daniel Zeman, Mary Ann C. Tan.

Repository: UD_Tagalog-TRG
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: grammar-examples

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Tagalog-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [stephsamson (æt) protonmail • ch]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


UD_Tagalog-TRG is a UD treebank manually annotated using sentences from a grammar book.

The Tagalog treebank, so far, consists of 55 sentences with sources from the grammar books Tagalog Reference Grammar (Schachter and Otanes 1972) and Essential Tagalog Grammar: A Reference for Learners of Tagalog (De Vos 2010). The annotations are done manually.


The annotations were done by Stephanie Samson. Çağrı Çöltekin (University of Tübingen, Germany) with the UD guidelines and was a source of knowledge when there were any doubts regarding the annotation process.

Statistics of UD Tagalog TRG

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview