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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Komi Permyak UH

Language: Komi Permyak (code: koi)
Family: Uralic, Permic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.5 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Larisa Ponomareva, Niko Partanen, Jack Rueter, Francis Tyers.

Repository: UD_Komi_Permyak-UH
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: fiction

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Komi Permyak-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [rueter • jack (æt) gmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


This is a Komi-Permyak literary language treebank consisting of original and translated texts.

Initial Komi-Permyak Universal Dependency type annotation.

This includes 30 sentences originally presented as 20 at http://ilazki.thinkgeek.co.uk/brat/#/uralic/fin with UD v1 dependencies. The additional sentences stem from variation in expression within the Komi-Permyak language, and the text_id with additional letters indicates this variation. Additionally other sentences have been added in the later releases.

The translation were made by Larisa Ponomareva based on the Finnish, Russian and Komi-Zyrian texts:


UH = University of Helsinki Development repository: https://github.com/rueter/erme-ud-komi-permyak Annotation work is simultaneous to finite-state transducer development by Larisa Ponomareva, Niko Partanen and Jack Rueter in the GiellaLT infrastucture, which also works with Constraint Grammar disambiguation of the morphological analysis.

Work connected to this treebank is described in following publication. If you use this treebank in your work, please cite:


Statistics of UD Komi Permyak UH

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview