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This page pertains to UD version 2.

cop: copula

A copula is the relation between the complement of a copular verb and the copular verb. ‘olema’ is the only copular verb in Estonian UD. The predicative is the head of the copular clause, and also the governor of the cop dependency. As it is hard to distinguish copular clauses from existential clauses almost all clauses with olema (“be”) are copular clauses. olema has POS tag AUX and it can not have dependents.

Maja on suur \n The house is big 
cop(suur,on)
cop(big,is)
Maja ei ole suur \n The house is not big 
cop(suur,ole)
cop(big,is)
aux(suur,ei)
aux(big,not)
Suhted on olnud teravad \n Relations have been sharp
cop(teravad,olnud)
cop(sharp,been)
aux(teravad,on)
aux(sharp,have)
Ta oli sel õhtul kodus \n He was home that night
cop(kodus,oli)
cop(home,was)

cop in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fo] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]