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This page pertains to UD version 2.

cop: copula

This label marks the copula forms ⲡⲉ, ⲧⲉ, ⲛⲉ. Note that the copula is not the root of a copula predication, but rather a dependent of the lexical predicate, usually a noun preceding the copula, but sometimes a verb (especially with preterit conversion, followed by the ‘optional’ copula). Both cases are illustrated below.

ⲛⲉⲓ/DET ⲣⲱⲙⲉ/NOUN ϩⲉⲛ/DET ⲓⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ/NOUN ⲛⲉ/AUX \n These men are Jews. 

cop(ⲓⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ, ⲛⲉ)
det(ⲓⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ, ϩⲉⲛ)
nsubj(ⲓⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ, ⲣⲱⲙⲉ)
det(ⲣⲱⲙⲉ, ⲛⲉⲓ)
ϩⲁⲙⲟⲓ/CONJ ⲟⲛ/ADV ⲛⲉ/AUX ϣⲁ/AUX ⲧⲉⲧⲛ/PRON ϭⲱ/VERB ⲛ/ADP ⲧⲉⲓ/DET ϩⲉ/NOUN ⲡⲉ/AUX \n Oh, would that you would stop in this way! 

discourse(ϭⲱ, ϩⲁⲙⲟⲓ)
advmod(ϭⲱ,ⲟⲛ)
mark(ϭⲱ,ⲛⲉ)
aux(ϭⲱ,ϣⲁ)
nsubj(ϭⲱ,ⲧⲉⲧⲛ)
cop(ϭⲱ,ⲡⲉ)
nmod(ϭⲱ,ϩⲉ)
det(ϩⲉ, ⲧⲉⲓ)
case(ϩⲉ, ⲛ)

Also note that in nominal sentences, the subject is nsubj to the predicate, not to the copula. This is also true when the subject follows the copula, as shown below.

ⲛⲧⲟⲕ/PRON ⲡⲉ/AUX ⲧⲉⲩ/DET ϩⲉⲗⲡⲓⲥ/NOUN \n Their hope is you (lit. 'it's you, their hope')

cop(ⲛⲧⲟⲕ, ⲡⲉ)
nsubj(ⲛⲧⲟⲕ, ϩⲉⲗⲡⲓⲥ)
det(ϩⲉⲗⲡⲓⲥ, ⲧⲉⲩ)

cop in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fo] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]