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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PRON: pronoun


Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns or noun phrases, whose meaning is recoverable from the linguistic or extralinguistic context.

Pronouns under this definition function like nouns. Note that the German grammar traditionally extends the term pronoun to words that behave more like articles or adjectives. Such words are not tagged PRON under our universal scheme. They are tagged as determiners. For more details on the borderline between PRON and DET, see the documentation of DET.

The most prominent category of pronouns is the personal pronouns, which identify their referent by signaling its Person and Number (and sometimes Gender), and which usually occur as subjects or objects in a clause.

Other pronominal types are interrogatives (the referent is the topic of an open question), relatives (used in a relative clause, signal coreference with the noun modified by the clause), indefinites (the identity or quality of the referent is unknown), totals (refering to all members in a set) and negatives (signaling non-existence of a referent).

Every pronoun should have a non-empty value of the PronType feature. Pronouns do not have the Polarity feature, thus negative pronouns are annotated with PronType=Neg but not with Polarity=Neg.


PRON in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [nci] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sla] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [xcl] [yue] [zh]