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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PRON: pronoun


Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns or noun phrases, whose meaning is recoverable from the linguistic or extralinguistic context.

In Irish, third person pronouns (both singular and plural) have two forms, roughly corresponding to nominative (e.g. ) and accusative (e.g. é) cases. Irish pronouns also have emphatic forms (e.g. seisean and eisean) . Pronouns are often incorporated through inflection in synthetic verb forms and prepositions.

Pronominal augments or subpredicates appear in copula constructions when the subject is 3rd person singular or plural. The pronoun precedes the subject.

Irish demonstratives are either post-determiners (see DET), when modifying a noun, or simply demonstrative pronouns (siúd, seo, sin), tagged as PRON.


personal pronouns
emphatic personal pronouns
Pronominal augments or subpredicates
demonstrative pronouns


Note that both the indirect and direct relative pronoun are represented by a. However, these are currently POS-tagged as PART

direct relative pronoun
indirect relative pronoun

Also note that pronouns can be incorporated in a word form through inflection. Currently these forms are not split and so take the POS tag of the lemma.

synthetic verbs with incorporated pronouns

These are tagged as VERB

inflected prepositions with incorporated pronouns

These are tagged as ADP

PRON in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [nci] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sla] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [xcl] [yue] [zh]