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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PART: particle


Particles are function words that must be associated with another word, phrase, or clause to impart meaning and that do not satisfy definitions of other universal parts of speech (such as ADP, AUX, CCONJ, or SCONJ).

In Chinese, particles include the genitive/associative/relativizer/nominalizer marker 的 / de; 得 / de in V-得 extent/descriptive constructions (see compound:ext); the manner adverbializer 地 / de; the “et cetera” markers 等(等) / děng(děng); sentence-final particles (句末助詞 / jùmuò zhùcí); and the object relativizer 所 / suǒ.


PART in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [ess] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]