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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PART: particle

Definition

Particles are function words that must be associated with another word or phrase to impart meaning and that do not satisfy definitions of other universal parts of speech (e.g. adpositions, coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions or auxiliary verbs). Czech particles are not inflected.

Note that response words such as ano, jo  “yes”, ne  “no”, etc. are considered particles in the PDT tagset but they should be retagged as interjections under the UD standard. Also note that ne  can be used in two ways, one would be translated as English “no” and the other as “not”. Only the former should become interjection, while the latter will stay a particle.

Examples

Diffs

Prague Dependency Treebank

References


PART in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cs] [da] [en] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]