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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Kurmanji MG

Language: Kurmanji (code: kmr)
Family: Indo-European, Iranian

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.1 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Memduh Gökırmak, Francis Tyers.

Repository: UD_Kurmanji-MG
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: fiction, wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Kurmanji-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [memduhg (æt) gmail • com ftyers (æt) hse • ru]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


The UD Kurmanji corpus is a corpus of Kurmanji Kurdish. It contains fiction and encyclopaedic texts in roughly equal measure. It has been annotated natively in accordance with the UD annotation scheme.

UD Kurmanji is a Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish) treebank developed with the UD framework. It consists of a Sherlock Holmes story, “The Adventure of the Speckled Band”, translated in 1944 by Celadet Bedirxan in the magazine Ronahi, and sentences from the Kurmanji Wikipedia.


If you use this treebank in your work, please cite:

@inproceedings{gokirmak:2017, author = {Memduh Gökırmak and Francis M. Tyers}, title = {A Dependency Treebank for Kurmanji Kurdish}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics (DepLing, 2017)}, pages = {64–73}, year = 2017 }

Statistics of UD Kurmanji MG

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview