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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Haitian Creole Autogramm

Language: Haitian Creole (code: ht)
Family: Creole

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.13 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Claudel Pierre-Louis, Sandra Jagodzińska, Sylvain Kahane, Agata Savary, Emmanuel Schang.

Repository: UD_Haitian_Creole-Autogramm
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.13

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: grammar-examples

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Haitian Creole-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [sylvain (æt) kahane • fr]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


This is a treebank of Haitian creole. It contains 144 sentences selected from 3 major genres: bible, literary texts, newspapers.

Kreyòl (Kreyòl Ayisyen, Haitian Creole, iso-639-1: ht) is the main language of Haïti. The dialect described here is the Cap Haïtien dialect which differs slightly in its lexicon with Center and South varieties.

This treebank contains a selection of sentences from the following sources:

The corpus contains 144 sentences and 3418 tokens. The annotation was done in ArboratorGrew in the SUD format and automatically converted to the UD format..


This treebank is the outcome of a Master internship project by Sandra Jagodzińska (LACITO, CNRS, France) and Claudel Pierre-Louis (LISN, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, France). It was funded by:


Statistics of UD Haitian Creole Autogramm

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview