home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Amharic ATT

Language: Amharic (code: am)
Family: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Binyam Ephrem, Gashaw Arutie, Tsegay Woldemariam, Juan Ignacio Navarro Horñiacek.

Repository: UD_Amharic-ATT
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: grammar-examples, fiction, nonfiction, bible, news

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Amharic-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [binephrem (æt) gmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


UD_Amharic-ATT is a manual developed Treebanks for Amharic. Sentences were collected from grammar books, fictions, biographies, religious texts and news.

UD_Amharic-ATT is a manually annotated Treebanks. It is annotated for POS tag, morphological information and dependency relations. Since Amharic is a morphologically-rich, pro-drop, and languages having a feature of clitic doubling, clitics have been segmented manually.


The treebank is developed by Binyam Ephrem, Gashaw Arutie, and Tsegay Woldemariam. The syntactic annotation was checked and corrected manually by Binyam Ephrem.


Statistics of UD Amharic ATT

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview