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This page pertains to UD version 2.


Language: Akkadian (code: akk)
Family: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.3 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Kamil Kopacewicz.

Repository: UD_Akkadian-PISANDUB
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: news

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Akkadian-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [humanafterall (æt) windowslive • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


A small set of sentences from Babylonian royal inscriptions.

‘PISANDUB’ means ‘basket of tablets’ (Sumerian logogram for Akkadian pisanduppu / pisan ṭuppātim), which reflects the scale of this project.


Statistics of UD Akkadian PISANDUB

POS Tags





Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview