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This page pertains to UD version 2.

obl: oblique nominal

The obl relation is used for a nominal (noun, pronoun, noun phrase) functioning as a non-core (oblique) argument or adjunct. This means that it functionally corresponds to an adverbial attaching to a verb, adjective or adverb.

In English, obl provides a uniform analysis for prepositionally marked nominals functioning adverbially, i.e. attaching at the level of a clause, adjective phrase, or adverb phrase (whether as argument or adjunct). The preposition attaches as case within the nominal:

They will arrive on Friday
obl(arrive, Friday)
case(Friday, on)
Refer to our brochure for more information
obl(Refer, brochure)
case(brochure, to)
people afraid/ADJ of sharks
amod(people, afraid)
obl(afraid, sharks)
case(sharks, of)
Unfortunately/ADV for you , all the food is gone
advmod(gone, Unfortunately)
obl(Unfortunately, you)
case(you, for)

This stands in contrast with nmod for nominals functioning as adnominal dependents.

Note that, in English, obl is used for prepositional phrases even in constructions like the prepositional dative (contrast the double object construction with iobj):

give the children the toys
obj(give, toys)
iobj(give, children)
give the toys to the children
obj(give, toys)
obl(give, children)
case(children, to)

obl is also used for the agent of a passive verb:

The cat was chased by the dog
nsubj:pass(chased, cat)
obl(chased, dog)
case(dog, by)

Plain obl requires a preposition in English. For prepositionless nominals functioning adverbially, see obl:tmod (temporal modifiers) and obl:npmod (others).

obl in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [en] [ess] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [ky] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [uz] [vi] [yue] [zh]