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This page pertains to UD version 2.

nmod: nominal modifier

The nmod relation is used for nominal dependents of another noun or noun phrase and functionally corresponds to an attribute, or genitive complement.

New from v2: The nmod relation was previously used also for nominal dependents of verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. These are now covered by the new obl relation.

In English, plain nmod applies to prepositionally-marked dependents of nominals (the preposition itself attaches as case):

toys for children
nmod(toys, children)
case(children, for)
some of the toys
nmod(some, toys)
case(toys, of)
det(toys, the)

The subtype nmod:poss applies to nominals with possessive (genitive) marking instead of a preposition:

my office
nmod:poss(office, my)

The possessive can alternate with the preposition of, in which case only the relation label differs:

the president 's office
det(president, the-1)
nmod:poss(office-4, president)
case(president, 's-3)
the office of the president
det(office-2, the-1)
nmod(office-2, president)
case(president, of-3)
det(president, the-4)

Prepositionless, non-possessive nominals serving as adnominal modifiers are tagged with subtypes nmod:tmod (temporal) or nmod:npmod (other). See the definitions of these relations.


nmod in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [yue] [zh]