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This page pertains to UD version 2.

obl: oblique argument or adjunct

The obl relation is used for oblique nominal arguments and adjuncts of verbs.

The token marked obl is a noun (or head of a noun phrase) functioning as a non-core (oblique) argument or adjunct. The obl token can provide locational, temporal or other adverbial information, and may be an adjunct as well.


ⲡ/DET ⲇⲓⲁⲃⲟⲗⲟⲥ/NOUN ⲟⲩⲏϩ/VERB ⲛϩⲏⲧ/ADP ⲕ/PRON \n The Devil dwells inside you

ⲡⲉϫⲁ/VERB ϥ/PRON ⲛⲁ/ADP ⲥ/PRON \n He said to her


Note that obl includes prepositional objects of verbs of perception, such as the object of ‘hear’ or ‘see’, which is prepositional in Coptic:

ⲁⲣ/PRON ⲥⲱⲧⲙ/VERB ⲉⲣⲟ/ADP ⲓ/PRON \n You have heard me

nsubj(ⲥⲱⲧⲙ, ⲁⲣ)
obl(ⲥⲱⲧⲙ, ⲓ)
case(ⲓ, ⲉⲣⲟ)

Prepositional objects are always obl and never marked as obj, unless they are marked by the object marker ⲛ in one of the durative tenses, according to Jernstedt’s Law.

obl in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [en] [ess] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [ky] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [uz] [vi] [yue] [zh]