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This page pertains to UD version 2.

discourse: discourse element

Function label for discourse particles, such as negative/affirmative answers (yes, …) or interjections (oh! Hah! etc.). The discourse particle is usually connected to the root of its clause using the discourse function.

ϩⲁⲙⲟⲓ/CONJ ⲟⲛ/ADV ⲛⲉ/AUX ϣⲁ/AUX ⲧⲉⲧⲛ/PRON ϭⲱ/VERB ⲛ/ADP ⲧⲉⲓ/DET ϩⲉ/NOUN ⲡⲉ/AUX \n Oh, would that you would stop in this way! 

discourse(ϭⲱ, ϩⲁⲙⲟⲓ)
advmod(ϭⲱ, ⲟⲛ)
mark(ϭⲱ, ⲛⲉ)
aux(ϭⲱ, ϣⲁ)
nsubj(ϭⲱ, ⲧⲉⲧⲛ)
cop(ϭⲱ, ⲡⲉ)
nmod(ϭⲱ, ϩⲉ)
det(ϩⲉ, ⲧⲉⲓ)
case(ϩⲉ, ⲛ)

The appelation particle ⲱ ‘oh (NAME)!’ is attached to the head of the nominal expression (the vocative), even if it is not the root of the clause:

ⲱ ⲡ ⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲥⲱⲧⲙ ⲉⲣⲟ ⲓ \n Oh God, hear me! 

vocative(ⲥⲱⲧⲙ, ⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ)
discourse(ⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ, ⲱ)

discourse in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [el] [en] [eu] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]