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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Italian-PoSTWITA: POS Tags: VERB

There are 1329 VERB lemmas (9%), 3795 VERB types (20%) and 11248 VERB tokens (9%). Out of 16 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 4 in number of lemmas, 3 in number of types and 6 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: fare, avere, dire, essere, andare, vedere, sapere, dare, parlare, pensare

The 10 most frequent VERB types: fare, fa, fatto, è, ha, dice, far, piace, va, ho

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: fare (VERB 1122, X 1), avere (AUX 867, VERB 441), dire (VERB 413, NOUN 1), essere (AUX 2863, VERB 354, NOUN 1), andare (VERB 259, AUX 17, X 2), sapere (VERB 171, AUX 3, NOUN 1), dare (VERB 152, X 1), volere (AUX 159, VERB 128), piacere (VERB 124, NOUN 8, INTJ 2), amare (VERB 81, NOUN 2, X 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: fare (VERB 279, NOUN 1), fa (VERB 193, ADV 13, PROPN 3), fatto (VERB 193, NOUN 28, PROPN 1), è (AUX 1146, VERB 179, CCONJ 1, INTJ 1), ha (AUX 367, VERB 149), va (VERB 73, AUX 9, INTJ 2, PROPN 1), ho (AUX 141, VERB 56), dire (VERB 78, NOUN 1), amo (VERB 50, X 1), so (VERB 46, AUX 3)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 2.855530 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.303101).

The 1st highest number of forms (39) was observed with the lemma “fare”: Fammi, fa, fa’, faccia, facciamo, facciano, faccio, facendo, facesse, faceva, facevano, facevi, facevo, fai, fal, fam, fan, fanno, far, fara’, farai, faranno, fare, farebbe, farebbero, farei, faremo, fareste, faresti, farete, farà, farò, fate, fatta, fatte, fatti, fatto, fece, fà.

The 2nd highest number of forms (36) was observed with the lemma “essere”: cé, e, e’, era, erano, esser, essere, essre, fosse, fossero, fossi, sara’, saranno, sarebbe, sarebero, saremo, sarà, sará, sei, sia, siam, siamo, siano, siete, sn, so, so’, son, sono, soono, srà, stata, stati, stato, è, é.

The 3rd highest number of forms (32) was observed with the lemma “avere”: ABBI, Avrai, abbia, abbiamo, abbiano, avendo, aver, avere, avessero, avessi, avete, aveva, avevamo, avevano, avevi, avevo, avra’, avranno, avrebbe, avrebbero, avrei, avremmo, avremo, avrà, avrò, avuta, avute, avuto, ha, hai, hanno, ho.

VERB occurs with 6 features: VerbForm (11246; 100% instances), Number (8565; 76% instances), Tense (8565; 76% instances), Person (6962; 62% instances), Mood (6961; 62% instances), Gender (1596; 14% instances)

VERB occurs with 19 feature-value pairs: Gender=Fem, Gender=Masc, Mood=Cnd, Mood=Imp, Mood=Ind, Mood=Sub, Number=Plur, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=2, Person=3, Tense=Fut, Tense=Imp, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Ger, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

VERB occurs with 55 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin (2832 tokens). Examples: fa, è, ha, dice, piace, va, parla, sembra, sa, sta

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 27 different relations: root (3650; 32% instances), parataxis (2130; 19% instances), conj (1283; 11% instances), advcl (1082; 10% instances), acl:relcl (793; 7% instances), ccomp (749; 7% instances), xcomp (648; 6% instances), acl (564; 5% instances), csubj (199; 2% instances), parataxis:insert (36; 0% instances), parataxis:obj (27; 0% instances), parataxis:discourse (23; 0% instances), obl (13; 0% instances), parataxis:appos (10; 0% instances), discourse (8; 0% instances), dep (6; 0% instances), amod (5; 0% instances), nmod (5; 0% instances), list (4; 0% instances), nsubj (3; 0% instances), flat (2; 0% instances), obj (2; 0% instances), vocative (2; 0% instances), appos (1; 0% instances), compound (1; 0% instances), dislocated (1; 0% instances), orphan (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: VERB (4585; 41% instances), (3650; 32% instances), NOUN (1648; 15% instances), ADJ (459; 4% instances), PRON (417; 4% instances), PROPN (186; 2% instances), SYM (119; 1% instances), ADV (81; 1% instances), INTJ (51; 0% instances), X (33; 0% instances), NUM (9; 0% instances), DET (5; 0% instances), AUX (3; 0% instances), SCONJ (2; 0% instances)

158 (1%) VERB nodes are leaves.

1097 (10%) VERB nodes have one child.

2103 (19%) VERB nodes have two children.

7890 (70%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 20.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 48 different relations: punct (5332; 12% instances), obj (5073; 12% instances), obl (4128; 10% instances), nsubj (4107; 10% instances), advmod (3537; 8% instances), parataxis (2685; 6% instances), mark (2350; 5% instances), aux (1981; 5% instances), vocative:mention (1382; 3% instances), dep (1326; 3% instances), conj (1186; 3% instances), cc (1151; 3% instances), parataxis:hashtag (1114; 3% instances), expl (1049; 2% instances), advcl (939; 2% instances), xcomp (934; 2% instances), ccomp (933; 2% instances), iobj (923; 2% instances), discourse (812; 2% instances), discourse:emo (401; 1% instances), vocative (244; 1% instances), nsubj:pass (198; 0% instances), expl:impers (188; 0% instances), aux:pass (148; 0% instances), obl:agent (148; 0% instances), dislocated (125; 0% instances), parataxis:obj (75; 0% instances), csubj (64; 0% instances), nummod (64; 0% instances), expl:pass (56; 0% instances), det (35; 0% instances), amod (32; 0% instances), nmod (31; 0% instances), case (28; 0% instances), parataxis:discourse (18; 0% instances), parataxis:insert (18; 0% instances), cop (17; 0% instances), parataxis:nsubj (17; 0% instances), parataxis:appos (16; 0% instances), orphan (5; 0% instances), list (4; 0% instances), appos (3; 0% instances), det:poss (3; 0% instances), acl (2; 0% instances), compound (2; 0% instances), det:predet (2; 0% instances), flat (2; 0% instances), flat:foreign (1; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 16 different parts of speech: NOUN (8591; 20% instances), PRON (5467; 13% instances), PUNCT (5332; 12% instances), SYM (5225; 12% instances), VERB (4585; 11% instances), ADV (3691; 9% instances), PROPN (2464; 6% instances), AUX (2154; 5% instances), CCONJ (1246; 3% instances), ADP (1179; 3% instances), SCONJ (1169; 3% instances), ADJ (650; 2% instances), INTJ (616; 1% instances), X (293; 1% instances), NUM (161; 0% instances), DET (66; 0% instances)