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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Italian-PoSTWITA: POS Tags: AUX

There are 8 AUX lemmas (0%), 185 AUX types (1%) and 4428 AUX tokens (4%). Out of 16 observed tags, the rank of AUX is: 16 in number of lemmas, 10 in number of types and 11 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent AUX lemmas: essere, avere, potere, dovere, volere, venire, andare, sapere

The 10 most frequent AUX types: è, sono, ha, ho, e’, essere, siamo, sei, può, hanno

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: essere (AUX 2863, VERB 354, NOUN 1), avere (AUX 867, VERB 441), potere (AUX 271, NOUN 21, VERB 12), dovere (AUX 227, NOUN 6, VERB 6), volere (AUX 159, VERB 128), venire (VERB 53, AUX 21), andare (VERB 259, AUX 17, X 2), sapere (VERB 171, AUX 3, NOUN 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: è (AUX 1146, VERB 179, CCONJ 1, INTJ 1), sono (AUX 327, VERB 39), ha (AUX 367, VERB 149), ho (AUX 141, VERB 56), e’ (AUX 85, VERB 19), essere (AUX 102, NOUN 1, VERB 1), siamo (AUX 78, VERB 5), sei (AUX 89, NUM 4, SCONJ 1, VERB 1), può (AUX 82, VERB 5), hanno (AUX 75, VERB 36)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of AUX is 23.125000 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.303101).

The 1st highest number of forms (63) was observed with the lemma “essere”: 6, SIAM, STA’, Sará, Sii, e, e’, era, erano, eravamo, eri, ero, essendo, esser, essere, fosse, fossero, fossi, fu, sara, sara’, sarai, saranno, sarebbe, sarebbero, sarei, saremo, saresti, sarà, sarò, sei, si, sia, siamo, siano, siate, siete, sn, so, so’, son, sono, sta, stai, stanno, staranno, staremo, starà, stata, state, stati, stato, stava, stavo, stesse, stia, stiamo, sto, ststa, ziete, ztate, è, é.

The 2nd highest number of forms (33) was observed with the lemma “avere”: Avrai, a, abbia, abbiamo, abbian, abbiano, abiamo, ah, ai, avendo, aver, avere, avesse, avessero, avete, aveva, avevamo, avevano, avevo, avrebbe, avrebbero, avrei, avremmo, avresti, avro’, avrà, avrò, ha, hai, han, hanno, ho, hsi.

The 3rd highest number of forms (29) was observed with the lemma “dovere”: debba, debbo, dev’, deve, devi, devo, devono, dobbiamo, dovendo, dover, dovesse, dovete, dovette, doveva, dovevano, doveve, dovevi, dovevo, dovra’, dovranno, dovrebbe, dovrebbero, dovrei, dovremmo, dovremo, dovrà, dovrò, dovuta, dovuto.

AUX occurs with 6 features: VerbForm (4426; 100% instances), Number (4252; 96% instances), Tense (4252; 96% instances), Mood (4160; 94% instances), Person (4160; 94% instances), Gender (92; 2% instances)

AUX occurs with 19 feature-value pairs: Gender=Fem, Gender=Masc, Mood=Cnd, Mood=Imp, Mood=Ind, Mood=Sub, Number=Plur, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=2, Person=3, Tense=Fut, Tense=Imp, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Ger, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

AUX occurs with 46 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin (2119 tokens). Examples: è, ha, e’, può, sta, deve, é, vuole, e, vuol

Relations

AUX nodes are attached to their parents using 14 different relations: cop (2165; 49% instances), aux (2083; 47% instances), aux:pass (151; 3% instances), acl:relcl (9; 0% instances), conj (4; 0% instances), root (4; 0% instances), ccomp (3; 0% instances), parataxis (3; 0% instances), advcl (1; 0% instances), amod (1; 0% instances), dep (1; 0% instances), nsubj (1; 0% instances), parataxis:obj (1; 0% instances), xcomp (1; 0% instances)

Parents of AUX nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: VERB (2154; 49% instances), NOUN (1013; 23% instances), ADJ (778; 18% instances), PRON (177; 4% instances), PROPN (96; 2% instances), ADV (75; 2% instances), SYM (56; 1% instances), X (52; 1% instances), DET (8; 0% instances), NUM (8; 0% instances), INTJ (5; 0% instances), (4; 0% instances), AUX (2; 0% instances)

4397 (99%) AUX nodes are leaves.

19 (0%) AUX nodes have one child.

6 (0%) AUX nodes have two children.

6 (0%) AUX nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a AUX node is 9.

Children of AUX nodes are attached using 11 different relations: punct (16; 26% instances), nsubj (11; 18% instances), mark (7; 11% instances), cc (5; 8% instances), vocative:mention (5; 8% instances), advmod (4; 6% instances), conj (4; 6% instances), parataxis (4; 6% instances), dep (3; 5% instances), obl (2; 3% instances), discourse (1; 2% instances)

Children of AUX nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: PUNCT (16; 26% instances), PRON (8; 13% instances), NOUN (7; 11% instances), SCONJ (6; 10% instances), SYM (6; 10% instances), CCONJ (5; 8% instances), ADV (4; 6% instances), VERB (3; 5% instances), AUX (2; 3% instances), ADJ (1; 2% instances), ADP (1; 2% instances), DET (1; 2% instances), INTJ (1; 2% instances), PROPN (1; 2% instances)