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This page pertains to UD version 2.

xcomp: open clausal complement

Some verbs (e.g. ਚਾਹੁਣਾ cāhuṇā “to want”) can select a clausal complement that does not have its own subject, instead with the subject being a sister of that complement (e.g. the object of the verb).

ਮੈਂ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ ਹਾਂ \n I to.go want am
nsubj(ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ, ਮੈਂ)
nsubj(want, I)
xcomp(ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ, ਜਾਣਾ)
xcomp(want, to.go)

Such complemenets can also take genitive, ablative, or accusative case licensed by the verb.

ਰਾਮ ਨੇ ਜਾਣ ਦੀ ਕੋਸ਼ਿਸ਼ ਕਿੱਤੀ \n Ram ERG going GEN trying did
nsubj(ਕਿੱਤੀ, ਰਾਮ)
nsubj(did, Ram)
xcomp(ਕਿੱਤੀ, ਜਾਣ)
xcomp(did, going)
mark(ਜਾਣ, ਦੀ)
mark(going, GEN)
compound:lvc(ਕਿੱਤੀ, ਕੋਸ਼ਿਸ਼)
compound:lvc(did, trying)
ਮੈਂ ਉਸਨੂੰ ਘਰ ਜਾਣ ਨੂੰ ਆਖਿਆ \n I to.her home going ACC told
nsubj(ਆਖਿਆ, ਮੈਂ)
nsubj(told, I)
iobj(ਆਖਿਆ, ਉਸਨੂੰ)
iobj(told, to.her)
xcomp(ਆਖਿਆ, ਜਾਣ)
xcomp(told, going)

xcomp in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [kk] [no] [pa] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [yue] [zh]