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This page pertains to UD version 2.

obj: direct object

The direct object of a verb is the noun that denotes the entity acted upon. Most often the direct object is in the nominative case or in dative (see the related feature Animacy). Note that certain intransitive (middle voice) verbs take arguments in dative which should be regarded as core based on their syntactic behavior being parallel to the arguments of other transitive verbs (see also the related features Voice and Subcat).

Nominative example:

Նա տեսավ մեքենա ։ \n He saw a-car .
obj(տեսավ, մեքենա)
obj(saw, a-car)

Dative example:

Նա տեսավ իր աշակերտներին ։ \n He saw his pupils .
obj(տեսավ, աշակերտներին)
obj(saw, pupils)

Dative example:

Բախվում ենք մեծ խնդիրների ։ \n We-face big problems .
obj(Բախվում, խնդիրների)
obj(We-face, problems)

In general, if there is just one object, it should be labeled obj, regardless of the morphological case or semantic role that it bears. If there are two or more objects, one of them should be obj and the others should be iobj. In such cases it is necessary to decide what is the most directly affected object (patient). The one exception is when there is a clausal complement. Then the clausal complement is regarded as a “clausal direct object” and an object nominal will be an iobj.

There is more discussion of constructions with multiple objects on the page for iobj.

obj in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [mr] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]