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This page pertains to UD version 2.

flat: flat phrase without a clear head

Proper names constituted of more than one word are annotated using the dependency type flat. The first (leftmost) word is the head, and the other words are direct dependents of the head.

The flat dependency relation is used in cases where the multi-word name does not have an obvious internal syntactic structure, as is the case with for instance names of people (Matti Virtanen) or cities (New York).

If a name has an obvious internal structure, as is often the case in names of books and movies for instance, this structure is marked instead, and the flat relation is marked as a secondary relation (DEPS field) spanning over the whole name phrase (from first token to the last).

Jumalat juhlivat öisin on Donna Tarttin esikoisteos . \n Gods celebrate by_night is Donna Tartt's first_work .
nsubj(juhlivat-2, Jumalat-1)
nmod(juhlivat-2, öisin-3)
flat(Jumalat-1, öisin-3)
nsubj:cop(esikoisteos-7, juhlivat-2)
cop(esikoisteos-7, on-4)
punct(esikoisteos-7, .-8)
flat(Donna-5, Tarttin-6)
nmod:poss(esikoisteos-7, Donna-5)

flat in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hy] [it] [ka] [kk] [ky] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]