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This page pertains to UD version 2.

nmod: nominal modifier

The nmod relation is used for nominal modifiers of nominals.

It usually corresponds to a non-agreeing attribute (přívlastek neshodný) in genitive. (See below for an example of an agreeing attribute, přívlastek shodný.)

In Czech the nmod relation covers only those possessives that are expressed using the genitive cs-feat/Case. If a possessive adjective is used, the relation is labeled amod.

kancelář ředitele \n office of-the-director
nmod(kancelář, ředitele)
nmod(office, of-the-director)
ředitelova kancelář \n director's office
amod(kancelář, ředitelova)
amod(office, director's)
jeho kancelář \n his office
det(kancelář, jeho)
det(office, his)

Agreeing attribute of a noun

nmod noun phrases attached to nouns are usually in the genitive cs-feat/Case and follow the modified noun. However, there is also a different kind of nmod that precedes the modified noun and agrees with it in case and number. A typical example is a title attached to a name of a person. The relation is similar to the flat relation that links the first and the last name, but it is not labeled flat because the title is not part of the name:

český prezident Václav Havel
amod(prezident, český)
nmod(Václav, prezident)
flat(Václav, Havel)

Note that the same thing can be also expressed using an apposition. In the case of apposition, the title follows the modified name and is separated by a punctuation symbol:

Václav Havel , český prezident
flat(Václav, Havel)
punct(prezident, ,-3)
amod(prezident, český)
appos(Václav, prezident)

nmod in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [yue] [zh]