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This page pertains to UD version 2.

nmod: nominal modifier

The nmod relation is used for nominal dependents of another noun or noun phrase and functionally corresponds to an attribute, or genitive (possessive) complement. In Mandarin, it is expressed with the 的 de particle, as in (1), between the preceding complement and the following head noun. The particle depends on the complement as a case dependent.

# visual-style 3 1 nmod	color:blue
# visual-style 1	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 1	fgColor:white
# visual-style 3	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 3	fgColor:white
1	你	_	PRON	_	_	3	nmod	_	2SG
2	的	_	PART	_	_	1	case	_	GEN
3	電話	_	NOUN	_	_	0	root	_	phone

1	"your	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_
2	phone"	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_

Sometimes the particle may be omitted, specifically when the possessor is a pronoun, and often (but not exclusively) when the possessed object is a kinship term, as in (2).

# visual-style 2 1 nmod	color:blue
# visual-style 1	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 1	fgColor:white
# visual-style 2	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 2	fgColor:white
1	你	_	PRON	_	_	2	nmod	_	2SG
2	公公	_	NOUN	_	_	0	root	_	grandfather

1	"your	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_
2	grandfather"	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_

Attributive or associative relations between two nouns, or a pronoun and a noun, may also be expressed with the particle 的 de.

# visual-style 3 1 nmod	color:blue
# visual-style 1	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 1	fgColor:white
# visual-style 3	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 3	fgColor:white
1	目前	_	NOUN	_	_	3	nmod	_	now
2	的	_	PART	_	_	1	case	_	GEN
3	情況	_	NOUN	_	_	0	root	_	situation

1	"current	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_
2	situation"	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_

# visual-style 3 1 nmod	color:blue
# visual-style 1	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 1	fgColor:white
# visual-style 3	bgColor:blue
# visual-style 3	fgColor:white
1	這樣	_	PRON	_	_	3	nmod	_	such
2	的	_	PART	_	_	1	case	_	GEN
3	體能	_	NOUN	_	_	0	root	_	stamina

1	"such	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_
2	stamina"	_	_	_	_	0	_	_	_

But if a noun modifies another noun without the particle 的 de, and the relationship is not a possessive one, it is treated as a noun-noun compound (see compound).


nmod in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gd] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [yue] [zh]